Laura is a complex for cross-country skiing and biathlon in Adler area of Sochi, where the Olympic 2014 and Paraolympic 2014 competitions in biathlon and cross-country skiing were held. Laura is located on the crest and slopes of the Psekhako Ridge at Krasnaya Polyana, 90 km from Sochi center and 60 km far from Sochi airport. This venue is located 850-1,430 meters above sea level.
Biathlon, the name of the sports discipline, comes from the Latin bis=double, and ancient Greek ἆθλον, that is contest or fight, so originally biathlon was called modern winter double contest. This sport combines cross-country skiing and rifle shooting.
The first race, vaguely reminiscent of the biathlon, was organized by border guards at the Swedish-Norwegian border even in 1767. In the XIX century biathlon was formed as sport for soldiers in Norway. The ancestor of the modern biathlon — military patrol — was introduced at the Olympic Games in 1924, 1928, 1936 and 1948.
The program of the III 2017 Winter Military World Games in Sochi includes biathlon competitions in the following disciplines: “Sprint” (7.5 km for women, 10 km for men), “Mixed relay” and “Military Patrol” (15 km for women, 20 km for men).
Military Patrol is a modern form of military race (race, which is the progenitor of biathlon). It is held as a part of the Games, where it is qualified as a form of biathlon race. It is a 20 km race for men and 15 km for women with three firing lines with successive penalty laps according to the rules of the IBU. Men are appointed for four laps of 5 km, women – four laps of 3-5 km each.
A team consists of four athletes – biathlonists and skiers. One member of the team is a patrol leader, the other three are members of the patrol, each of which is firing from a prone position (provided one shooting at a distance).
Each participating country may register two patrols (men and women).
Maximum number of participants from a country: six men and six women.
Throughout the III Winter Military World Games the competitions in the following sports will be held:
Sprint (running over a short distance) is a kind of biathlon race on 10 km for men ] and 7.5 km for women with 2 firing lines. Athletes complete three laps of 3.3 km for men and 2.5 km for women. Biathletes start at intervals of 30 seconds. Distance consists of three circles (usually of the same length, but the rules allow circles of varying lengths). After the first round shooting from a prone position is done, after the second—in standing position. Biathletes choose their firing positions on the shooting range to perform shooting. Each miss results in a penalty loop of 150 m.
Mixed relay is team competition in biathlon. A team consists of four athletes representing the same country. Each biathlete goes one leg of 6 km for women and 7.5 km for men with two firing lines. One representative from each country start at the same time and after running his stage pass the baton to the next biathlete from his team. Women complete their distances first. First shooting is produced in prone position, the second—in standup. An athlete, as in the conventional relay, has three replacement cartridges for each shooting. If a biathlete spends spare cartridge, then for each subsequent miss a penalty loop of 150 m is required.